|Pain under the arch of the foot is quite common, in
particular with people whose feet tend to roll in (or over-pronate).
Usually the pain is felt along the whole, or partial length of the arch as a burning ache or tightness. The pain is quite severe when getting out of bed first thing in the morning. The pain increases with physical activity such as running and sports, long walks or standing for long hours on hard surfaces.
What causes arch pain?
Arch pain can be caused by a variety of factors including unsupportive footwear, weight gain, aging or increased activity. Most commonly arch pain results from inflammation of the plantar fascia. The medical term for this condition is Plantar Fasciitis. Usually Plantar Fasciitis is experienced as pain in the centre of the heel, but in some cases the pain is present further towards towards the middle of the foot i.e. under the arch.
The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue which runs across the bottom of your foot — connecting your heel bone to your toes. The tissue helps to maintain the arch of the foot. As the foot flattens on the ground during gait, the plantar fascia can become over-stretched causing microscopic tears in the tissue, resulting in inflammation and pain.
The unnatural overstretching of the plantar fascia is usually the result of poor foot biomechanics i.e. over-pronation. Many of us tend to pronate excessively during walking and running. In other words: the foot and ankle tend to roll inwards and the arch collapses. Excess pronation is very common and leads not only to many chronic foot conditions, it may also contribute to knee and lower back pain!
What are the treatment options for arch pain?
First of all you need to give your feet some rest. Refrain from any sports, running or long walks. This will allow the inflammation to diminish. Furthermore you can use ice to cool the inflamed area: 10 minutes several times a day by rolling a frozen water bottle under the arch. Take anti-inflammatory medication for about 1- 2 weeks. Check your footwear for support. Stretching exercises for Plantar Fasciitis can be helpful.
In addition to the above measures, you want to consider orthotics in order to correct the poor foot function that may be the cause of your pain. Footlogics orthotics correct the problem of over-pronation and restore your natural gait pattern, thereby treating the main cause of arch pain.