Ankle pain, a very common foot complaint, is generally categorized into two types: acute and chronic.
Acute Ankle Pain
Acute ankle pain is that which is the results of trauma or injury, most commonly, a sprained ankle.
Chronic Ankle Pain
Chronic ankle pain is long term and can occur on the inside of the ankle, referred to as medial ankle pain, or on the outside of the ankle, which is called lateral ankle pain.
Medial Ankle Pain
Medial ankle pain is caused by excess stress on the tendons and nerves in the ankle region. Pain is felt during weight bearing activities and is at its worst when you walk, run or participate in high impact sports. In some cases, the pain is sharp and also radiates into the arch of the foot. Medial ankle pain is usually attributed to exercise or overuse and/or excessive pronation of the foot.
Lateral Ankle Pain
Similar to medial ankle pain, lateral ankle pain is also felt during walking, running and other exercise activities. Occurring on the outside of the ankle, lateral ankle pain is often caused by soft tissue compression of the tendons and ligaments that wrap around the outside of your ankle. This compression typically occurs as a result of excessive pronation or poor foot mechanics. Read about the anatomy of the ankle to better understand this common issue.
Pronation and Supination
Pronation and supination are natural motions that take place in our feet, and each plays a significant role in maintaining proper gait. Pronation refers to the rolling in of the foot and acts as a shock absorber. Supination, which refers to the rolling out of the foot, helps to propel our feet forward as we walk. Unfortunately, over-pronation can occur, which is a condition that 70% of the population suffers from.
The Negative Effects of Over-Pronation
When the foot pronates too deep for too long, over-pronation occurs, which doesnâ��t allow the foot to â��recoverâ�� and supinate for propulsion. Excess force and stress is placed on the joints and ligaments in the ankle and foot, hampering normal foot biomechanics. Pain and discomfort arise as a result of a compression of the ligaments around the ankle joint. Over-pronation also causes the talus bone to sit abnormally in the joint space, which over time, leads to premature erosion of the articular cartilage. To better understand this, think of unbalanced tires on a car. In such a case, the treads are prematurely damaged (the same way the articular cartilage is prematurely eroded).
Treating Ankle Pain with Orthotics
Over-pronating feet cause the tendons and ligaments on the inside of your ankle to over stretch and ligaments on the outside of your ankle to be impinged or pinched. Designed to correct the biomechanics of your feet and ankles, orthotics are simple inserts that go into your shoes. By improving the alignment of the lower limb and providing greater stability for your ankle, orthotics can relieve foot and ankle pain.
Footlogics orthotics correct over-pronation and help realign your lower limbs. By restoring your feet to a more normal biomechanical movement, Footlogics orthotics reduce excessive friction and pressure in the ankle joint, preventing erosion of the articulate cartilage and over-stretching of the ankleâ��s ligaments and tendons. We also highly recommend that you treat your ankle pain with physiotherapy in conjunction with orthotics.